Kim W.U., Yoo W.H., Won Park, Kang Y.M., Kim S.I., Park J.H., Lee S.S., Joo Y.S, Min J. K., Hong Y.S., Lee S.H., Park S.H., Cho C.S., Kim H.Y. IgG antibodies to type II collagen reflect inflammatory activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Rheumatology, 2000; 27(3):575581. Terato K., DeArmey D.A., Ye X.J., Griffiths M.M., Cremer M.A. The Mechanism of Autoantibody Formation to Cartilage in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Possible CrossReaction of Antibodies to Dietary Collagens with Autologous Type II Collagen. Clin Imm Immunopath, 1996; 79(2):142154(13) Terato K, Shimozuru Y, Katayama K, et al. Specificity of antibodies to type II collagen in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1990;33:1493500. Clague RB, Moore LJ. IgG and IgM antibody to native type II collagen in rheumatoid serum and synovial fluid: evidence for the presence of collagenanticollagen immune complexes in synovial fluid. Arthritis Rheum 1984;27:13707. Fujii K, Tsuji M, Kitamura A, Murota K. The diagnostic significance of antitype II collagen antibody assay in rheumatoid arthritis. Int Orthop 1992;16:2726.
This antibody needs to be stored at + 4°C in a fridge short term in a concentrated dilution. Freeze thaw will destroy a percentage in every cycle and should be avoided.
If you buy Antibodies supplied by Chondrocytes and collagens they should be stored frozen at - 24°C for long term storage and for short term at + 5°C.
Chondrocytes and collagens supplies other types of Assays as 1.Mouse or mice from the Mus musculus species are used for production of mouse monoclonal antibodies or mabs and as research model for humans in your lab. Mouse are mature after 40 days for females and 55 days for males. The female mice are pregnant only 20 days and can give birth to 10 litters of 6-8 mice a year. Transgenic, knock-out, congenic and inbread strains are known for C57BL/6, A/J, BALB/c, SCID while the CD-1 is outbred as strain.
Immunoglobulin gamma, IgG, mouse monoclonal H&L chain clones or rabbit, goat polyclonal antibodies have 4 parts. There are 2 heavy chains, 2 light chains. The IgG antibody has 2 antigen binding sites. They represent 70% or more of serum antibodies. This antibody can be antigen purified or protein A or G purified. For storage sodium azide is added or you can call us to request azide free antibody preparations. These will need colder storage temperatures.
Bacterial pathogen lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are the major outer surface membrane components present in almost all Gram-negative bacteria and act as extremely strong stimulators of innate or natural immunity in diverse eukaryotic species ranging from insects to humans. LPS consist of a poly- or oligosaccharide region that is anchored in the outer bacterial membrane by a specific carbohydrate lipid moiety termed lipid A. The lipid A component is the primary immunostimulatory center of LPS. With respect to immunoactivation in mammalian systems, the classical group of strongly agonistic (highly endotoxin) forms of LPS has been shown to be comprised of a rather similar set of lipid A types. In addition, several natural or derivative lipid A structures have been identified that display comparatively low or even no immunostimulation for a given mammalian species. Some members of the latter more heterogeneous group are capable of antagonizing the effects of strongly stimulatory LPS/lipid A forms. Agonistic forms of LPS or lipid A trigger numerous physiological immunostimulatory effects in mammalian organisms, but--in higher doses--can also lead to pathological reactions such as the induction of septic shock. Cells of the myeloid lineage have been shown to be the primary cellular sensors for LPS in the mammalian immune system. During the past decade, enormous progress has been obtained in the elucidation of the central LPS/lipid A recognition and signaling system in mammalian phagocytes. According to the current model, the specific cellular recognition of agonistic LPS/lipid A is initialized by the combined extracellular actions of LPS binding protein (LBP), the membrane-bound or soluble forms of CD14 and the newly identified Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)*MD-2 complex, leading to the rapid activation of an intracellular signaling network that is highly homologous to the signaling systems of IL-1 and IL-18. The elucidation of structure-activity correlations in LPS and lipid A has not only contributed to a molecular understanding of both immunostimulatory and toxic septic processes, but has also re-animated the development of new pharmacological and immuno-stimulatory strategies for the prevention and therapy of infectious and malignant diseases.